OUTDOOR

Home Outdoor Structure And Building Types And Definitions

CARLI BROOKE ~ DECEMBER 2017

There are various types of additional buildings that serve to add beautify and outdoor functionality, especially the home garden. Eg patio, porch, pergola, gazebo, arbor, deck, and others. Each name has different definitions and functions. There are integrated with the main house, there is also a separate from the main house. So let's learn each outdoor structures and buildings and its function.

PATIO

Patio comes from the Spanish word which refers to a yard adjoining a house without a roof and usually uses floor pavements. Over time, in the use of english term, patio describes the gathering area behind the house and integrated with the back door of the house. Patio is used as a place to relax and conversation area while enjoying the fresh air.

With growing necessity, the patio is given a roof to protect from the rain and the sun. We can call it patio cover, patio overhang, and sometimes some people associate it with pergola.

PORCH

Porch taken from the old French word "porche", is a relaxing area located on the outer side of the main house. Porch is the front of the house before the entrance door, has a roof, and the extent is enough to put the tables and chairs to relax. Roof area extends as wide as porch floor with support columns on one side. Porch usually has no walls on the outer side. Porch function as a place to relax while enjoying the outside scenery. Sometimes porch is also referred to as veranda or loggia.

PATIO WITH ROOF

Sometimes people prefer to do outdoor activities in the backyard, then the use of a roof on the patio is required to be protected from the weather. Patio cover is an additional structure to provide shade from the rain and the sun. Patio covers may have a solid roof or open roof, can be patio overhang (without support columns) or with support columns. The roof of the patio cover can be associated with a pergola.

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DECK

Deck is a flat surface that is usually higher than the ground and can support heavy loads. Decks are usually made outdoors but connected to the main house. Deck is generally made of wood and railing as safety purposes. Some people consider the deck is a patio. The main difference is if the deck is usually made of wood, while the patio floor is hardened with concrete, sand, or stone. Deck is usually higher than ground, and the patio is level or lower than the ground.

PERGOLA

Derived from Italian language referring to outer structures designed and used to support vines or climbing trees. Over time, the vines will fill the rafters that will form a natural roof. Pergola is a free-standing structure with an open roof supported by columns or posts. Pergola is built along the pathway, with a natural roof of vines to protect pedestrians from the scorching heat of the sun. The word pergola is also used interchangeably with a patio cover.

GAZEBO

Gazebo is a freestanding octagonal or turret-shaped structure, which has a sturdy roof with open sides, so it can provide complete shade without blocking the view. Traditionally the gazebo features railings and balusters, and is not in contact with the main house. Some people may be confused by the difference between the pergola and the gazebo.

ARBOR

Arbor is a small framework designed to support climbing trees or vines, with an open roof, and has at least four columns or posts as support. Arbor is placed in the entrance or the gate. The basic difference between pergola and arbor is its location. If the arbor is placed as an entrance or exit way decoration, then the pergola is placed in the pathway area.

TRELLIS

Trellis is a framework or lattice work made of wood, bamboo or metal bar that is useful as support for climbing trees. Trellis usually consists of two posts. They can also be used as an additional decoration on an empty exterior wall. Trellis is commonly used in vegetable gardens, which serve as a vegetable support buffer that is not strong enough to stand on its own.

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L-shaped Home Porch With Conversation Area

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Wooden Pergola For Deck Shade Option

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Lush Patio Pergola With White Finish

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House Pathway Pergola Create From Wood

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Garden Pathway Wood With White Finish Pergola

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OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

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Traditional Style Octagon Gazebo

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Octagon Gazebo With Entrance Path

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Artistic Gazebo On Patio Area

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White Arbor As Garden Pathway Gate

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Wood Trellis Along The Fence

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Trellis For Exterior Wall Blank Spot Decoration

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Contemporary Man Cave Shed

RAMADA

Ramada is a freestanding structure, which is sometimes associated with pergola, but it has a solid roof. Ramada is usually used as an outdoor kitchen or outdoor fireplace cover for weather protection. With a solid roof, ramada provides perfect protection against rain and solar heat. The Ramada has a resemblance to the pavilion term.

CONSERVATORY (GREENHOUSE)

Conservatory or greenhouse is a building that has glass walls and roof to keep the inside temperature still warm. Greenhouse serves as a place to make microclimate for the plants development and research. In addition, the idea of conservatory design is widely used as a sunroom.

SHED

Shed is a simple designed roofed building and separated from the main house. For more complex purposes, shed is equipped with electricity outlet. Shed is usually used for storage of garden tools, warehouses, and others. Shed can also be used as a mini office and workshop.

Labeled in: Garden StructureGreenhousePorchShed
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